Agnikarma has been explained as one among the anushastras. Almost all ayurvedic classics have described the use of agnikarma in curing different disorders as pradhanakarma and in some disorders as paschathkarma to cure the complications. Its importance lies in its action, because of its ability to cure those diseases also, which can’t be cured by the bheshaja, shastra and ksharakarma. In this paper an insight view on agnikarma has been compiled and presented systematically.
The word Agnikarma is made up of two words i.e., Agni and Karma. Agni, the musculine word derived from the root agigatau agyati agnayamna prapyanti. i.e., it gives the rebirth, is utilised to cure and prevent the diseases. Agni is the important one among the pancha mahabhutas. The Agni, in the form of bhootagni, jatharagni and dhatwagni is the life for the creatures. On the basis of the loka – purusha sadharmya, the Agni that exists in the body, possesses the same properties as that of Agni in the world. So any procedure that involves the Agni directly or indirectly is considered under agnikarma.
The agnikarma is also known by different names like dahanakarma, dahakarma, dagdhakarma, jalanakarma and pachanakarma, finds its role in the vataja and kaphaja vyadhi involving the dhatu that are predominant with pruthvi and ap mahabhutha. Mere utilization of agnikarma, which is counted in anushastra, upayantra and shashti upakrama, provides Shalyatantra the unique position among the eight faculties of Ayurveda. Agnikarma can be utilised – As preventive measure, as curative measure, as postoperative procedure, and as haemostatic measure.